This Date in Pittsburgh Pirates History: February 2nd, John Tudor and Bill Abstein

Eight former Pittsburgh Pirates players born on this date starting with a member of the first team in franchise history to win the World Series.

Bill Abstein, first baseman for the 1906 and 1909 Pirates. He played three seasons in the minors before he made his big league debut with the 1906 Pirates in late September. Abstein debuted with Houston of the Class-C South Texas League at 21 years old in 1904, where he hit .310 with 30 doubles, eight triples and 12 homers in 135 games. In 1907, he moved up to Shreveport of the Class-A Southern Association and hit .280 in 83 games. Pittsburgh purchased his contract in 1906 after he hit .311 in 127 games for Shreveport. Abstein was part of a group of seven new players announced on August 26, 1906, though at the time it said that he was being purchased for the 1907 season. He ended up joining the Pirates on September 25th and went right into the lineup, where he batted .200 in eight September/October games for the Pirates. He was then released to the Providence Grays of the Class-A Eastern League on February 16, 1907. He spent two full years there, hitting .276 with 134 runs scored, 35 doubles, 31 triples, 12 homers and 57 stolen bases over 281 games. Pittsburgh owner Barney Dreyfuss got his contract back on August 7, 1908 from Providence, though he was allowed to finish out the minor league season before joining the Pirates. He was scheduled to report to the Pirates on September 21st, and manager Fred Clarke even wrote his name in the lineup that day, but he failed to show up to the team. Instead, Abstein decided to go home for the winter, after being worn down by playing 145+ games that season.

First base was considered to be the biggest hole in the Pirates lineup going into 1909, after they used four players there in 1908 with almost no success (the group combined for 0.4 WAR). The Pirates made Abstein the everyday first baseman in 1909 and he would end up batting .260 with 70 RBIs in 137 games, helping Pittsburgh to its second World Series appearance. In the series against the Detroit Tigers, Abstein hit .231 with two RBIs and the Pirates took the series four games to three. Following the season, Abstein was put on waivers, where he was picked up by the St Louis Browns. He was a solid hitter for the deadball era, but the team and the fans had a lot of issues with his ability to play defense, which led to the move. It turned out to be a wise decision for the Pirates. He lasted just 25 games with the Browns in 1910, hitting .149 before returning to the minors where he finished his baseball career in 1916. He played two seasons for Jersey City of the Eastern League (1910-11), two years for for Memphis of the Southern Association (1912-13) and two years for Los Angeles of the Double-A Pacific Coast League (1914-15). He finished his career with Wichita of the Class-A Western League in 1916. Abstein was a career .273 hitter over 1,501 games during his 12 seasons in the minors. He was a .242 hitter in 170 big league games, with 54 runs, 76 RBIs and 21 steals. In a sign of the times, he was referred to as “Big Bill” often, though he stood 6’0″, 185 pounds.

Troy Stokes Jr, outfielder for the 2021 Pirates. He was drafted by the Milwaukee Brewers out of high school in the fourth round of the 2014 draft. At 18 years old, he was sent to the rookie level Arizona League, where he hit .262 in 47 games, with 29 runs scored, no homers and 19 steals. In 2015, Stokes played for Helena of the short-season Pioneer League. He batted .270 in 62 games, with 51 runs, 19 extra-base hits, 27 RBIs and 26 steals. In 2016, he was with Wisconsin of the Low-A Midwest League for the entire season. He hit .268 in 86 games, with 50 runs, 28 extra-base hits, 29 RBIs and 20 steals. Stokes split the 2017 season between High-A Carolina of the Carolina League and Double-A Biloxi of the Southern League. In 135 games (100 with Carolina), he combined to hit .251 with 79 runs, 28 doubles, five triples, 20 homers, 74 RBIs, 31 steals and 63 walks. In 2018, he spent the entire year with Biloxi, hitting .233 in 129 games, with 74 runs, 23 doubles, 19 homers, 19 steals and 65 walks. Besides the low average, he also had the red flag of striking out 147 times, a much higher rate than his previous season. He played winter ball in Venezuela and did well, hitting .298 in 28 games, with 21 runs, seven steals and six extra-base hits. The 2019 season was spent in Triple-A, playing for San Antonio of the Pacific Coast League. Stokes hit .233 in 95 games, with 50 runs, 22 doubles, nine homers, 40 RBIs and 14 steals. The Detroit Tigers took him off of waivers in September of 2019. Stokes spent the shortened 2020 season recovering from a hand surgery. He was picked up by the Pirates on waivers in January of 2021 and he debuted in the majors on May 9th. He played eight games for the Pirates and batted .111 in 18 at-bats. In June, he was traded back to the Brewers, with the Pirates picking up minor league catcher Samuel Escudero for Stokes and Jandel Gustave. Stokes spent the rest of the season in Triple-A, where he had troubles with both the Pirates and Brewers, combining to hit .199 with a .606 OPS in 98 games. He became a free agent after the season, and he was still a free agent at the time of this write-up.

Travis Snider, right fielder for the 2012-14 and 2015 Pirates. He was a first round draft pick of the Toronto Blue Jays in 2006 out of high school in Washington, taken 14th overall. It took him just two full seasons to get to the majors, making his big league debut at 20 years old on August 29, 2008. After signing, he played for Pulaski of the short-season Appalachian League, where he hit .325 with 12 doubles, 11 homers and 41 RBIs in 54 games. Going into 2007, he was rated as the 53rd best prospect by Baseball America, but he would move far up that list in each of the next two years. In 2007, Snider played for Lansing of the Low-A Midwest League. He batted .313 in 118 games, with 72 runs, 35 doubles, 16 homers and 93 RBIs. The 129 strikeouts at a low level could have been considered a red flag, but he still jumped to the #11 prospect in baseball going into 2008. Snider played in the Arizona Fall League after his first full season and he hit .316 with 12 extra-base hits in 26 games. In 2008, he spent a short time in both High-A and Triple-A, but the majority of his year (98 games) was spent with New Hampshire of the Double-A Eastern League. He did well at all three levels, combining to hit .275 in 133 games, with 89 runs, 31 doubles, 23 homers, 91 RBIs and 61 walks, though the strikeouts jumped to 154 that year. Despite brief Triple-A time with Syracuse of the International League, the Blue Jays gave him his first taste of the big leagues.

Snider hit .301 with two homers in 24 games during his first trial in the majors. Baseball America rated him as the #6 prospect after the season. He made the Opening Day roster in 2009, although he couldn’t stick for the entire season. He was sent to Triple-A in late May and returned to the Blue Jays in August to finish the season. He hit .241 in 77 big league games, with nine homers and 29 RBIs. Snider spent time on the disabled list in 2010, limiting him to 82 games. However, he batted .255 and set career highs with 14 homers and 20 doubles over his half season of work. In 2011, he struggled in the majors, hitting just .225 with three homers in 49 games for the Blue Jays, while also spending over two months in Triple-A that year. He joined the Pirates during the middle of the 2012 season, coming over in a trade with the Blue Jays for pitcher Brad Lincoln. He had played just ten big league games that year prior to the trade, though he had a .335/.423/.598 slash line in 56 games with Las Vegas of the Pacific Coast League, which was a hitter-friendly park/league.

Snider did poorly in 2012 after the deal, putting up a .652 OPS in 50 games with the Pirates, with one homer and nine RBIs. He had a platoon role in right field in 2013, playing 111 games, with 53 outfield starts. He had a career worst .614 OPS, with five homers and 25 RBIs, but the Pirates still made it to the playoffs for the first time in 21 years that season. Snider struck out in his only postseason at-bat. He played a career high 140 games in 2014, though half of his games were off of the bench (71 starts). He batted .264 with a career high 37 runs, as well as 15 doubles, 13 homers and 38 RBIs. In 301 games with the Pirates over that three-year stretch, he hit .243 with 19 homers and 72 RBIs in 711 at-bats. He was traded to the Baltimore Orioles in January 2015 for minor league pitchers Steven Brault and Stephen Tarpley. Snider returned to the Pirates after being released by the Orioles in mid-August. At the time, he was hitting .239 in 69 games, with three homers and a .659 OPS. In 18 games back with Pittsburgh, he hit .192 with one home run. That was his last action in the majors, though he was still an active player up until 2021. Since leaving the Pirates the second time, he spent time at Triple-A with the Kansas City Royals, Texas Rangers, New York Mets, Arizona Diamondbacks, Miami Marlins and Atlanta Braves, as well as a short stint in independent ball. In 630 big league games over eight seasons, he was a .244 hitter, with 214 runs, 100 doubles, 54 homers and 212 RBIs.

Ronny Cedeno, shortstop for the Pirates from 2009 until 2011. He was signed as an international free agent by the Chicago Cubs in 1999 out of Venezuela at 16 years old. It took him six years before he made the majors, debuting with the Cubs in April of 2005. He debuted in pro ball in the Venezuelan Summer League in 2000, then jumped to the U.S. in 2001, where he played 52 games for the rookie level Arizona League Cubs and another 17 games in Low-A ball, with Lansing of the Midwest League. Cedeno hit .317 with an .808 OPS that year, with much better results at the lower level. In 2002, he spent most of the year with Lansing, where he batted .213 in 98 games, with a .564 OPS. He also played 29 games for Boise of the short-season Pioneer League and put up almost identical results, with a .218 average and a .575 OPS. Cedeno played the 2003 season with Daytona of the High-A Florida State League. He batted .211 in 107 games, with 18 doubles, four homers and 19 steals. In 2004, he advanced to Double-A, spending the season with West Tennessee of the Southern League. He hit .279 in 116 games, with 39 runs, 30 extra-base hits and 48 RBIs. The Cubs sent him to the Arizona Fall League after the season. In 2005, Cedeno had multiple stints with the Cubs, though he played more often for Triple-A Iowa of the Pacific Coast League. He played 41 big league games that season, hitting .300 with one homer and six RBIs in 80 at-bats.

Cedeno was the starting shortstop for the 2006 Cubs, playing a total of 151 games, while batting .245 with 18 doubles, seven triples, six homers, 41 RBIs and 51 runs scored. Despite some solid overall numbers, he had a 17:109 BB/SO ratio and he was successful in just half of his 16 stolen base attempts. Cedeno spent more than half of the 2007 season in Triple-A, where he put up a .359 average in 75 games. He had a much tougher time in the majors, batting .203 in 38 games, with a .623 OPS that was actually 13 points higher than the previous season. He took more of a utility role in 2008, batting .269 with 36 runs, 12 doubles and two homers in 99 games, while seeing time at five different positions. Cedeno was traded to the Seattle Mariners on January 28, 2009. He was struggling through the 2009 season, hitting just .167 in 59 games, when the Pirates acquired him in a seven-player deal just before the July 31st trading deadline. Jack Wilson went to Seattle in the trade, and Cedeno replaced him as the everyday starting shortstop. In 46 games after the deal, he hit .258 with five homers.

While serving as the starting shortstop for the 2010 Pirates, Cedeno batted .256 with 42 runs, 29 doubles, eight homers, 38 RBIs and 12 stolen bases in 139 games. He saw slightly less playing time in 2011, when he posted a .636 OPS in 128 games. He batted .249 that year with 43 runs, 25 doubles, two homers, 32 RBIs and a career high 30 walks. Cedeno was granted free agency in October of 2011 and he signed with the New York Mets during the following January.  In his 2+ seasons in Pittsburgh, he hit .254 with 102 runs, 58 doubles, 15 homers and 91 RBIs in 313 games. He last played in the majors in 2014, seeing time with four different teams over his final three years. He spent 2012 with the Mets, where he hit .259 in 78 games, with 18 runs, 11 doubles, four homers and 22 RBIs. Cedeno split 2013 between the Houston Astros and San Diego Padres, combining to hit .242 in 89 games, with 24 runs, 14 extra-base hits and 21 RBIs. His final season (2014) was spent with the Philadelphia Phillies, which amounted to an 0-for-9 at the plate in seven games.

Besides his big league time after leaving Pittsburgh, Cedeno also saw minor league time with the St Louis Cardinals in 2013, the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2014 and San Francisco Giants in 2015. He played in Mexico in 2015 and Italy in 2016. Since then, he’s only been active in winter ball, including this recently completed season in Venezuela, where he hit .275 in 41 games at 38 years old. He has played a total of 16 seasons of winter ball during his 21-year pro career, which has helped him compile 2,335 games in pro ball, with 1,035 runs scored and 2,172 hits (those numbers are missing his season in Venezuela in 2000 and his Arizona Fall League stats). In 875 big league games over ten seasons, Cedeno batted .245 with 265 runs, 116 doubles, 40 homers and 239 RBIs. On defense he had a strong 2011 season with the Pirates, posting a 1.4 defensive WAR, but his career mark stood at 0.8, and he was usually slightly below average, which led to a career -1.6 WAR, despite a 1.9 WAR mark during his time in Pittsburgh.

Pat Clements, pitcher for the Pirates during the 1985-86 seasons. He was originally drafted by the New York Yankees in the 32nd round of the 1980 draft out of high school, but decided to attend college at the University of California instead of signing. The Yankees would eventually get their man, but not until after he played for the Pirates. Three years after being drafted the first time, the California Angels selected him in the fourth round and he quickly signed. Just 22 months later, Clements was in the majors. He debuted in pro ball with Peoria of the Class-A Midwest League, where he went 4-7, 4.48 in 92.1 innings, with 67 strikeouts and four complete games. He jumped up to Double-A to play with Waterbury of the Eastern League in 1984, where he had a 4-2, 2.69 record in 67 innings. Clements started 14 of his 15 games in 1983, but he switched to relief in his first full season of pro ball, starting just two of his 43 appearances. He started his big league career in 1985 on the Angels Opening Day roster, going 5-0, 3.34 in 62 innings and 41 relief appearances. He was in the middle of his rookie season when the Pirates acquired him in a six-player deal in early August that also included veterans John Candelaria and George Hendrick. Clements would go 0-2, 3.67 in 27 games for the Pirates to finish out that rookie year. In 1986, he pitched 61 innings over 65 appearances and had a record of 0-4 with a 2.80 ERA. Following the season, he was dealt to the Yankees in a six-player trade, along with Cecilio Guante and Rick Rhoden. The Pirates received three young players back in the deal, including Doug Drabek.

Clements didn’t see any minor league time during the 1985-86 seasons, but he returned there for a short time in 1987 and he spent most of 1988 in Triple-A (Columbus of the International League), where he made 16 starts and 16 relief appearances. He had a 4.95 ERA and seven saves in 80 innings over 55 appearances with the 1987 Yankees, then allowed eight runs in 8.1 innings over six appearances with the 1988 Yankees. He was traded to the San Diego Padres over the 1988-89 off-season and remained there until the middle of the 1992 season. He spent approximately half of his time with the Padres in the majors and the other half in Triple-A. Clements went 4-1, 3.92 in 39 innings over 23 games (one start) for the 1989 Padres. In 1990, he made nine appearances, posting a 4.15 ERA in 13 innings. His 1991 season was limited to 23 relief appearances, with 11 coming for Las Vegas of the Pacific Coast League (Triple-A) and 12 coming with San Diego, where he had a 3.77 ERA in 14.1 innings. He was out for much of the season with a shoulder injury. He did well during the first half of the 1992 season, but the Padres still moved on from him after he posted a 2.66 ERA in 23.2 innings over 26 games. The Baltimore Orioles selected him off waivers on July 10, 1992 and he finished up his big league time with them later that season, putting together a 3.28 ERA in 24.2 innings.

Clements ended his eight-year Major League career with a 17-11, 3.77 ERA in 360.1 innings over 288 games. He started just two games in the majors, though he had 53 minor league starts, including three seasons with 13+ starts between 1983 and 1990. He collected seven saves during his one full season with the Yankees, then failed to pick up another save over the next five years in the majors. He briefly pitched in Triple-A with the Orioles in 1993 before retiring. Clements pitched 92 games with the Pirates without picking up a win. No pitcher in team history comes close to that mark among the other 315 pitchers (through the end of 2021) who failed to pick up a win while playing for the Pirates (John Lamb is second with 47 games).

Manny Sarmiento, pitcher for the Pirates during the 1982-83 seasons. He played parts of five seasons in the majors before the Pirates purchased his contract from the Boston Red Sox after the 1981 season. Sarmiento was signed at 16 years old by the Cincinnati Reds out of Venezuela in 1972. He debuted in the Gulf Coast League in 1972 and posted a 2-6, 2.92 record in 40 innings over 18 relief appearances. He was still in short-season ball in 1973, playing for Seattle of the Northwestern League, where he had a 2-6, 2.15 record, 60 strikeouts and 14 saves in 67 innings over 36 appearances. He was in A-Ball in 1974, playing for Tampa of the Florida State League. He made nine starts and 30 relief appearances, going 10-9, 2.86 in 126 innings, with 11 saves. The 1975 season was spent with Trois-Rivieres of the Double-A Eastern League, where he went 6-8, 2.58 in 64 games (one start), with 15 saves, 114 strikeouts in 129 innings. Sarmiento moved up to Triple-A Indianapolis of the American Association in 1976. He had an 11-5, 2.77 record in 65 innings over 43 games. He debuted in the majors that year, going 5-1, 2.06 in 43.2 innings over 22 appearances.

Despite those strong results as a rookie, Sarmiento still spent half of the 1977 season in Triple-A. When he was in the majors in 1977, he pitched well again, posting a 2.45 ERA in 40.1 innings over 24 appearances. His only full season in the majors prior to joining Pittsburgh was in 1978 when he went 9-7, 4.38 in 127.1 innings over 63 games for the Reds. His five saves that season ended up being his career high, and nearly half of his career total. After spending all of 1978 in the majors, Sarmiento was limited to 38.2 innings with the Reds in 1979, and his 4.66 ERA was the highest of his career. He spent half of that season back with Indianapolis. He was released by the Reds at the end of Spring Training in 1980 and signed with the Seattle Mariners, where he made nine relief appearances during the 1980 season, posting a 3.68 ERA in 14.2 innings. The Mariners traded him to the Boston Red Sox at the end of Spring Training in 1981. He spent the entire 1981 season in the minors, where he posted a 2.34 ERA in 96 innings over 47 relief appearances in Triple-A with Pawtucket of the International League.

Sarmiento was purchased by the Pirates on October 23, 1981. He began the 1982 season in Triple-A with Portland of the Pacific Coast League, making six appearances before being called up by the Pirates. Sarmiento was used out of the bullpen at first, then moved to the starting rotation in June, and made a total of 17 starts that year. In his 35 total appearances, he went 9-4, 3.39 in 164.1 innings, with four complete games. He was moved to a bullpen role for 1983 and he had a 3-5, 2.99 record in 84.1 innings over 52 appearances. In his first inning of work during Spring Training in 1984, Sarmiento injured his elbow and missed the entire season. He returned for one season of Triple-A in 1985 and had decent results, with a 3.18 ERA in 107.2 innings, but he never returned to the majors. He played in Mexico in 1986 before retiring. In his big league career, he went 26-22, 3.49 with 12 saves and 283 strikeouts in 513.2 innings over 228 appearances (22 starts). With the Pirates, Sarmiento went 12-9, 3.25 with five saves in 245 innings.

John Tudor, pitcher for the 1984 Pirates. He was in the majors with the Boston Red Sox for five seasons before the Pirates acquired him in December of 1983 in exchange for Mike Easler. He was originally drafted by the New York Mets in 1975 out of Georgia Southern University, taken in the 21st round. Back when the draft had a January phase as well, Tudor moved up to the third round just seven months later and signed with the Red Sox. He reached Triple-A just one year later, but didn’t make his big league debut until two full years after his Triple-A debut. He spent his first season with Winston-Salem of the Class-A Carolina League, where he went 5-2, 2.74 in 82 innings over 25 games (five starts), with 76 strikeouts. He spent most of 1977 with Bristol of the Double-A Eastern League, going 6-5, 3.52 in 115 innings over 16 starts and 11 relief appearances. He also pitched four times in relief for Pawtucket of the Triple-A International League. He spent all of 1978 with Pawtucket, going 7-4, 3.09 in 105 innings spread over 12 starts and 14 relief appearances. Before he debuted in the majors in mid-August, Tudor had a 10-11, 2.93 record in 163 innings over 24 starts (one relief outing) for Pawtucket. He had a 6.43 ERA in six starts with the 1979 Red Sox.

Tudor spent half of the 1980 season in the majors and he did well. He had an 8-5, 3.02 record in 92.1 innings, with 13 starts and three relief outings. He saw a slip in his production during the strike-shortened 1981 season, with a 4.58 ERA in 78.2 innings, covering 11 starts and seven relief appearances. He finally saw full-time starting rotation work during the 1982-83 seasons, making a total of 64 starts during that two-year stretch. Tudor won 13 games each season, which set/tied a career high for victories that he would soon smash. He went 13-10, 3.63 in 195.2 innings in 1982. His 146 strikeouts that year represented a career high at the time and he topped the total just once. In 1983, Tudor had a 13-12, 4.09 record in 242 innings, with 136 strikeouts. The Pirates got him even up for veteran outfielder Mike Easler on December 6, 1983. For the Pirates in 1984, Tudor went 12-11, 3.27 in 32 starts, throwing a total of 212 innings, with six complete games. He was one of four pitchers to win at least 12 games that season for a club that would finish 12 games under the .500 mark. Almost a year to the day the Pirates traded for him, they dealt him to the St Louis Cardinals in a four-player deal that got them George Hendrick. It turned out to be a disaster, though the Pirates cut bait on Hendrick quickly before it could get much worse.

Tudor would have a career year in 1985, leading St Louis to the World Series with 21 wins, a 1.93 ERA and ten shutouts. He never won more than 13 games in any of his other 11 seasons in the majors and threw just six other shutouts in his entire career. He also set career highs with 275 innings pitched and 169 strikeouts that season. He started five postseason games and won three of them, including two World Series victories. Tudor had a strong year in 1986 as well, going 13-7, 2.92 in 219 innings over 30 starts, with 107 strikeouts. It was the last time he topped 200 innings and the last time he reached 100 strikeouts in a season. He was still effective for a time, and he would go on to help the Cardinals to the 1987 World Series and the Los Angeles Dodgers to the 1988 World Series. He went 10-2, 3.84 in 16 starts during the 1987 season, but he missed three full months after getting crashed into while on the bench when New York Mets catcher Barry Lyons chased down a foul ball that led him into the St Louis dugout. Tudor suffered a broken bone in his right leg. In 1988, he had a 6-5, 2.29 record in 21 starts when the Cardinals traded him to the Dodgers for Pedro Guerrero in mid-August. Tudor went 4-3, 2.41 in nine starts after the deal. He made two postseason starts and allowed four runs in 6.1 innings, with no decision in either game.

Tudor’s career was sidetracked in 1989 when injuries limited him to just 14.1 innings. He pitched well in 1990 while back with the Cardinals, going 12-4, 2.40 in 146.1 innings, but he decided to retire after the season. He finished with a 117-72, 3.12 record in 1,797 big league innings over 281 games. He made 263 starts, threw 50 complete games and 16 shutouts. Tudor was a talented pitcher who relied later in his career on command and changing speeds. Multiple arm and shoulder injuries during his last few seasons had his fastball down to about 80 MPH average in his final season, which easily made him the slowest non-knuckleball pitcher in the game at that point.

Fred Waters, pitcher for the Pirates during the 1955-56 seasons. He was originally signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1949 as an amateur free agent, then moved on to the Milwaukee Braves early in 1953, before the Pirates traded for him later that same year. Waters debuted in pro ball at 22 years old with Greenwood of the Class-C Cotton States League in 1949. He went 18-6, 2.63 in 236 innings, with 218 strikeouts, 18 complete games and six shutouts. He played at three different levels in 1950, with limited time at both Double-A and Triple-A, while spending most of the year with Class-A Elmira of the New York-Penn League. He combined to go 6-10, 4.54 in 123 innings, with 106 innings coming in Elmira. Waters played for three teams again in 1951, though this time it was all in the lower levels, including a majority of his time being spent back with Greenwood. His other two teams, where he pitched 25 innings total, were both in Class-B leagues.  He combined to go 13-1, 2.33 in 135 innings. The 1952 season was spent with Mobile of the Double-A Southern Association. Waters had a 4-8, 4.88 record that year in 129 innings spread over 11 starts and 27 relief appearances. Before joining the Pirates, the Braves purchased his contract from the Dodgers on April 17, 1953. He then spent the 1953 season with Lincoln of the Class-A Western League. He went 10-10, 4.19 in 191 innings, with a 108:173 BB/SO ratio.

Waters was one of six players, plus cash, that the Pirates received in return for second baseman Danny O’Connell on December 26, 1953. Waters pitched three games for Denver of the Class-A Western Association in 1954, while spending the majority of the year with Waco of the Class-B Big State League. He went 12-4, 3.18 in 116 innings for Waco. Waters spent a short time with Waco in 1955, but a majority of the season was spent with Mexico City in the Mexican League, where he went 18-3, 2.06 in 170 innings, before the Pirates called him up in mid-September of 1955. He joined the Pirates on September 11th and pitched two games in relief during his first big league trial at 28 years old, allowing two runs in five innings. He began the 1956 season back in the minors before being called up for a July 14th doubleheader in which he pitched in both games. He would go on to pitch 23 games that season for the Pirates, five as a starter, and he finished with a 2-2, 2.82 record in 51 innings. He had his contract sold to Hollywood of the Pacific Coast League on February 12, 1957, but he was still able to attend Spring Training with the Pirates that year and had a chance to win a job. Despite throwing seven shutout innings during Spring Training in 1957, Waters was one of the final cuts before Opening Day. He then returned to the minors for five more seasons before retiring as a player. He was pitching with Pensacola of the Alabama-Florida League during the 1960-62 seasons. That was the equivalent of pitching in short-season ball now, so it’s no surprise that he dominated the league, going 41-13, 2.04 in 516 innings during his final three years as a player. He actually had to wait to sign with the team while the league decided to pass a rule allowing clubs to have two veteran players each. Waters was also coaching local high school ball at the same time. After he was done playing, he managed for 21 years in the Minnesota Twins farm system, starting act two of his career in 1964.